Norbert and Walter Meyer Buy Their Father’s Jazz Club

Brothers Norbert and Walter Meyer purchase their father’s “Soldier Meyer’s Brooklyn Bop House” jazz club.


John “Sonny” Franzese

Norby and Walter Walters Open Nightclub

Norby and Walter Walters open “Norby Walters’ Supper Club” on East 60th Street in New York City, next door to the Copacabana.


Walters Nightclub Prostitution

“Sometime after midnight, [licensee’s maitre d’ William] Rockwell introduced [Patrolman] Gray to one Michele Pagan who after being assured by Rockwell that there was nothing wrong with Gray and after so assuring herself went with him from the bar to a table in the rear after first giving her handbag to the bartender for safekeeping .


Tina, his mother, and Michael Franzese

Michael Franzese Quits College to Join Mob

Michael Franzese, son of John “Sonny” Franzese, quits Hofstra University after his junior year to join the Colombo mafia family, where his father is a caporegime (captain).


Walters Pays Michael Franzese for Mob Protection

In early 1975, Norby Walters began to pay Michael Franzese directly for the mafia’s cut of Walters’ revenue. Prior to this time, payments were made via Joe Broncata.


Michael Franzese Becomes a Made Man

Michael Franzese becomes a made member of the Italian mafia Colombo Family.


John “Sonny” Franzese

Sonny Franzese Confirms 50/50 Agency Partnership with Walters

At a meeting at the Stage Deli in Manhattan, Colombo mafia family capo John “Sonny” Franzese confirms with Norby Walters that they were 50/50 partners in Walters’ entertainment agent business.


Michael Franzese, center, and associates

Michael Franzese Becomes a Caporegime

Michael Franzese becomes a Caporegime (captain) of the Italian mafia Colombo Family.


Ronnie Harmon’s High School Wins the P.S.A.L. Championship

Bayside defeated Abraham Lincoln, 48-31, yesterday, to capture its third Public Schools Athletic League championship in a row.


Ronnie Harmon’s High School Loses the Metro Bowl

As pretty as St. John the Baptist quarterback Joe Gagliardi’s passes were, as breathtaking as Bayside halfback Ronnie Harmon’s runs were, let it be known that yesterday’s Metro Bowl was not merely an offensive display. Forget that six touchdowns were scored in St. John the Baptist’s 22-21 victory. Forget that Gagliardi completed 20 of 42 passes for 258 yards and three touchdowns. Forget that Harmon seemed to break a tackle for each pass Gagliardi attempted, accumulating 257 total yards and two touchdowns.


Ronnie Harmon

Ronnie Harmon Named Queens Player of the Year

This season, Harmon’s statistics finally are as flashy as his running style: 731 yards on 104 in Bayside’s 10-1 season. Of course, the 6-1, 190-pounder has earned the coaches’ selection as Newsday’s Queens Player of the Year for more than just his seven-yard rushing average.


Ronnie Harmon Commits to Iowa

Ronnie Harmon signs a National Letter of Intent to play for the University of Iowa and receives a full scholarship. 18


Michael Franzese Expands to DelRay Beach, Florida

Michael Franzese expands his operation to Florida to get involved in movie production. 19


Bloom Proposes Sports Agent Business to Walters

Ex-bouncer and high school football player Lloyd Bloom, age 24, proposes forming a sports agent business to Norby Walters.


Michael Franzese Moves to Los Angeles

Michael Franzese moves to Los Angeles. His goal is to grow his film production business. 21


Walters Asks Franzese to Join Sports Agent Business

At a meeting at the Polo Lounge of the Beverly Hills Hotel, Norby Walters asks Michael Franzese to participate in the new sports agent business Walters is starting with Lloyd Bloom.


Michael Franzese

Colombo Mob Approves Michael Franzese’s Plans

Colombo mafia family capo Michael Franzese gets mafia Don approval for Franzese’s plan to build “an army” of college and professional athletes under mafia control to fix games for gambling profits.


Michael Franzese Partners With Walters

Colombo mafia family capo Michael Franzese agrees to a partnership in Norby Walters’ sports agent business. 


Norby Walters in his Manhattan office

Ronnie Harmon Flies to New York, Meets Walters

Ronnie Harmon flies to New York City and meets with Norby Walters.


Ronnie Harmon Signs Walters Contract, Takes $2,500 Cash

Ronnie Harmon signed a contract with Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom in violation of NCAA rules.


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 30


Walters Wires Harmon $200

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $200 (worth $565 today) via Western Union. 31


Walters Wires Harmon $600

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $600 (worth $1,690 today) via Western Union. 32


Giants General Manager Visits Walters

Walters and Bloom athlete [Iowa State’s Tracy] Henderson was selected by the New York Giants in the fifth round of the 1985 draft.


Dan Webb

U.S. Attorney Dan Webb Resigns

U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois Dan Webb resigns to join a private law firm.


Walters Wires Harmon $500

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $500 (worth $1,410 today) via Western Union. 36


Walters Wires Harmon $500

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $500 (worth $1,410 today) via Western Union. 37


Michael and Camille Franzese

Michael Franzese Remarried in Los Angeles

Michael Franzese marries Camille Garcia in Los Angeles. 38


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 39


Michael Franzese Provides $50,000 Cash to Walters

Colombo mafia family capo Michael Franzese provides an initial $50,000 (worth $141,000 today) to Norby Walters.


Harmon Lies to NCAA

Ronnie Harmon certifies to the NCAA that he is eligible.


Harmon Lies to the Big Ten

Ronnie Harmon certifies to the Big Ten that he is eligible and has not signed with an agent or received any money. 


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 44


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 45


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 46


Frank Campione

Franzese Tells Walters to Use Campione

Knowing that he was about to be indicted, Michael Franzese tells Norby Walters to contact Frank Campione if Walters needs anything while Michael Franzese is incarcerated.


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 48


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 49


Walters Wires Harmon $250

Norby Walters sends Ronnie Harmon $250 (worth $705 today) via Western Union. 50


Franzese Indicted

Authorities in two states yesterday accused Michael Franzese of Brookville of operating multimillion-dollar schemes that defrauded banks, oil companies, car manufacturers and state governments Federal prosecutor said that their investigation also established that Franzese, the 34-year-old stepson of a once-prominent organized crime figure, has become a major racketeer in his own right.


Michael Franzese, unknown

Franzese Surrenders

Michael Franzese, accused in two states of multimillion-dollar schemes that defrauded Florida and some of the nation’s largest firms, surrendered yesterday to a lone state trooper in a fast-food restaurant after federal agents had searched fruitlessly for him for 32 hours.


Harmon Looks Forward to Getting Out of Iowa

Iowa assistant coach Bernie Wyatt:

“Ronnie can literally be surrounded … and get out of it somehow”


Harmon Costs Walters an Additional $15,657

In addition to the Western Union payments, Norby Walters spent $15,657 (worth $44,131 today) on Ronnie Harmon in 1985.


1986 Rose Bowl Game®

In a major upset, #13 UCLA won the 1986 Rose Bowl Game® over #3 Iowa.


Ronnie Harmon Quits College

Immediately after the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®, Ronnie Harmon withdraws from the University of Iowa.


Michael Franzese Pleads Guilty

Michael Franzese pleaded guilty to one count of racketeering conspiracy and one count of tax conspiracy in exchange for a 10 year sentence and a $14 million (worth $38 million today) fine.


Walters Leases Mercedes for Harmon

Norby Walters pays $30,000 (worth $81,000 today) to lease a Mercedes Benz 560 SEC, valued at $64,000 (worth $174,000 today), for Ronnie Harmon. 62


Michael Franzese to Prison

After bouncing checks to the U.S. Marshall’s service to pay for his monitoring under his plea agreement, Michael Franzese is sent to Terminal Island San Pedro prison in Los Angeles, CA. 63


Harmon Signs NFL Contract for $1.35 Million

After 15 months with Walters and Bloom as his sports agents, Ronnie Harmon switches sports agents over the weekend to Marty Rock.


Michael Franzese

Michael Franzese Signs Cooperation Agreement With Feds

Michael Franzese signs a cooperation agreement with the U.S. to provide background information on the mafia and the people in it.


Bloom Threatens Kathy Clements

In a hotel bar at the 1987 Senior Bowl, Lloyd Bloom tells Kathy Clements, “people who don’t pay their debts can have their hands broken.”


Walters Requests Mob Extortion and Assault Services

Walters requests mob extortion and assault services from Michael Franzese to deal with competing sports agents who are taking his clients.


Norby Walters

Norby Walters Admits Paying College Athletes

Norby Walters, a New York-based entertainment agent, admitted in a story published in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution that he had paid cash to numerous college athletes. 


Colleges Open Investigations

At least five colleges opened investigations to determine whether Walters had dealt with their players: Florida, Alabama, Auburn, Michigan State and Ohio State. 71


Kathy Clements

Sports Agent Kathy Clements Assaulted

Kathy Clements, a rival sports agent who had received threats from Walters, was stabbed and beaten unconscious by a masked man in her office in Skokie, Ill, a suburb of Chicago.


Norby Walters Makes Short Trip to Chicago

The day after the assault of Kathy Clements, Norby Walters took a late-night flight from New York to Chicago. The return flight was the next morning.


FBI Opens Probe on Walters and Bloom

The FBI is investigating alleged threats and violence involving sports agents and players. According to a number of sources familiar with the investigation, Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom, two New York agents, are among the subjects of the inquiry. 74


Walters Files Lawsuits Against College Athletes

Walters files lawsuits against former college athletes Brent Fullwood of Auburn and Terrence Flagler of Clemson, alleging that the college athletes signed contracts and accepted money before their senior seasons – violations of NCAA rules – and then reneged on the contracts. 75


UW Athlete Reggie Rogers Files Lawsuit Against Walters

University of Washington defensive end Reggie Rogers, in a lawsuit filed against Walters, gave this account of a meeting with the agent in December: Walters opened his briefcase, and said, “I came prepared,” took $5,000 cash out of the briefcase and spread it across the living room floor in front of Rogers. Walters allegedly told Rogers he would not be breaking NCAA rules by accepting the money and signing a contract. 76


Federal Grand Jury Convenes

A federal grand jury began proceedings in Chicago to investigate the activities of Walters and Bloom. Several athletes and athletic directors were immediately subpoenaed to testify.


Athletes May Face Fraud and Tax Evasion Charges

College athletes allegedly involved with Walters and Bloom were told by a U.S. Attorney that they could face up to one year in jail for fraud and tax evasion. 78


Harmon and McKey Investigated for Points Shaving

The U.S. Attorney’s office, FBI, Big Ten, and Southeastern Conference had investigated the possibility of point shaving in games played by former Iowa running back Ronnie Harmon and former Alabama basketball player Derrick McKey, both of whom were under contract with Walters and Bloom.


Athletes Offered Plea Deal

Athletes implicated in the grand jury investigation may have an opportunity to avoid prosecution if they accept a “pre-trial diversion” program that includes community service. 80


Pitt to Declare Gladman and Austin Ineligible

Two football players with eligibility remaining at the University of Pittsburgh, Charles Gladman and Teryl Austin, will soon be declared ineligible by the school for signing contracts with Walters and Bloom. 81


Walters Told Austin to Tear Up Contract

Austin told school officials that Walters stopped $250 per month payments and encouraged him to tear up his contract because the player’s value as an NFL prospect had dropped. 82


Howard Pearl

Pearl and Big Ten Review Video, Clear Harmon

Unnamed and unknown Big Ten officials and assistant U.S. Attorney Howard Pearl reviewed the video of the 1986 Rose Bowl Game® and concluded that Ronnie Harmon did not fumble intentionally and that the game is no longer under investigation.


Bloom Threatened to Kill Rival Agent

Former Auburn University running back Brent Fullwood said he testified before the grand jury that Bloom threatened to “bump off” his current agent, George Kickliter. 88


OSU’s Carter Declared Ineligible

Ohio State wide receiver Chris Carter was declared ineligible for taking money from and signing a contract with Walters and Bloom. 89


Lloyd Bloom

Bloom Tells Signing Technique

Walters and Bloom, who are white, decided they would recruit only black athletes.

“We stick to blacks,” Bloom said. “That’s what we know best. We’re plugged into the black market.”


NFL Linked to Walters

Lloyd Bloom disclosed that he and Norby Walters have purchased information – including phone numbers – on college athletes from NFL scouts. 91


UT to Declare James Lott Ineligible

The University of Texas will declare three-time NCAA champion high jumper and football defensive back ineligible for his senior season for accepting money from Walters and Bloom. 92


Bloom Banned by NFLPA

Lloyd Bloom became the first agent every permanently decertified by the NFLPA, meaning NFL teams would not be allowed to negotiate with the agent.

Bloom responded, “So what? The NFLPA has no jurisdiction over college seniors.” 93


Austin Gets NCAA Amnesty

The NCAA announced a conditional “amnesty program” and reinstated Pitt defensive back Austin, who had cooperated with investigations of Walters and Bloom. 94


Carter Sues Walters

Cris Carter filed a $4 million dollar lawsuit against Walters and Bloom for damages he sustained in losing his NCAA college eligibility.

The lawsuit includes allegations that “Walters suggested, by reference to Walter’s ability to have a recalcitrant player’s legs broken, that Cris would suffer physical harm if he did not adhere to the agreement.” 95


Michael Franzese Interviewed by FBI About Walters

Colombo mafia family capo Michael Franzese was interviewed in prison about Norby Walters and Kathy Clements.


Harmon Keeps $49,055 “Inducement” He Got From Walters

NFLPA arbitrator John Culver, a former U.S. Senator from Iowa. ruled that Ronnie Harmon, now of the Buffalo Bills, did not have to repay $49,054.95 (worth $138,265 today) of the $54,924.42 (worth $154,809 today) that Walters gave the athlete dating back to Harmon’s Junior year at Iowa.


Walters and Bloom Pay Athletes Over $800,000

Government investigators establish that Walters and Bloom paid their 58 contracted athletes over $800,000 (worth $2,172,000 today).


Carter Takes Plea Deal To Avoid Indictment

Former OSU receiver Chris Carter accepted a pre-trial diversion plan from the U.S. Attorney in Chicago “in order to avoid indictment” in the ongoing grand jury investigation of Walters and Bloom. 100


Franzese Interviewed By FBI On Clements Beating

Franzese provides additional details on the sports agent business and sanctioning the beating of Kathy Clements.


Franzese Featured in LIFE Magazine

In a feature story, Franzese declares he is quitting the mafia.


Walters Lawsuit Tossed

A federal judge in New York dismissed a $500,000 lawsuit Walters and Bloom had filed against Brent Fullwood because, the judge ruled, “we decline to serve as the paymaster of the wages of crime, or referee between thieves.” 103


Big Ten Expels Walters and Bloom

A federal judge signed a consent decree in which Walters and Bloom agreed never again to deal with a Big Ten athlete. 104


Walters and Bloom Indicted in Alabama

Walters and Bloom were indicted by a Tuscaloosa County, AL grand jury on misdemeanor charges of tampering with a sports contest, commercial bribery, and deceptive trade practices for their dealings with McKey and his Alabama teammate, Terry Coner, during the 1986-87 basketball season. 105


Valukas Squashes Harmon Investigation

U.S. Attorney Anton Valukas uses his Justice Department connections to prevent the Iowa legislature from investigating Ronnie Harmon’s 1986 Rose Bowl Game® fumbles.


Athletes Agree to Reimburse Colleges to Avoid Indictment

At least 10 football and basketball players agreed to reimburse their universities for part of their scholarships to avoid federal prosecution for dealing with Walters and Bloom. 107


Franzese Agrees to Testify Against Walters

Colombo mafia family capo Michael Franzese agreed to testify against Walters and Bloom in the ongoing federal grand jury investigation in Chicago.


Lloyd Bloom, Mike Trope, Donald Valeska

Bloom Pleads Guilty, Flips on Walters in Alabama

Lloyd Bloom pleaded guilty to one count of deceptive trade practice and agreed to testify against Norby Walters at the scheduled May 9 trial.


Wayne Duke

Big Ten Commissioner Duke Relates 1986 Rose Bowl Game® Post-Game Iowa Locker Room Altercation to FBI

In an interview with the FBI, Big Ten Commissioner Wayne Duke related,

“[If it] hadn’t been for [Ronnie Harmon], Iowa would have beat UCLA.

…his teammates were upset about it.

There was an altercation in the locker room between the players.” 110


Walters Takes Plea Deal In Alabama

Walters agreed to a $203,500 settlement with the University of Alabama for his dealings with McKey and Coner.

He also signed a consent decree agreeing that he would never again deal with a college-eligible athlete from the SEC. 111


Fullwood, Harmon, and Palmer Take Plea Deal To Avoid Indictment

Brent Fullwood, Ronnie Harmon, and Paul Palmer of Temple were among the more than 40 athletes who have agreed to the pre-trial diversion program to avoid indictment by the federal grand jury.


George Randolph, Anton “Tony” Valukas, Howard Pearl

Walters and Bloom Indicted

Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom were indicted by a federal grand jury in Chicago on charges of racketeering, extortion, wire fraud, and mail fraud stemming from their dealings with athletes and others.


FBI: Mob Gambling Annual Income $26-30 Billion (worth $67-77 billion today)

FBI Agent Frank Storey told the organized crime commission at hearings in New York City in 1985 that gambling was the largest single source or mob income in the Northeast and generates half of all organized crime revenues.


Michael Franzese

Franzese Transferred to Minimum Security Prison

Franzese, serving a 10-year sentence on racketeering and embezzlement charges, was transferred to a minimum security federal camp in Boron, CA from a medium security prison due to a “writ to testify” in the Walters and Bloom trial in the Northern District of Illinois U.S. District Court. 115


Walters Banned From Atlantic City Casinos

The New Jersey Casino Control Commissioner banned Walters from doing business with his music acts at Atlantic City casinos as long as he remains under federal indictment. 116


Ronnie Harmon Drops Two Passes in AFC Championship Loss

In the AFC championship game, Ronnie Harmon dropped two passes, including one for a key late-fourth-quarter, red-zone first down that would have prevented a subsequent end-zone interception. Harmon’s Buffalo Bills team went on to lose 21-10 to the Cincinnati Bengals. 117

The Bengals covered the spread. 118


FBI Interviews Franzese About Murders

FBI Interview Report:

“FRANZESE explained that LARRY CARROZZA was associated with ANDREW RUZZO, a captain in the COLOMBO family.

He stated that CARROZZA was not a “made member” of the COLOMBO family. He stated that he was close to CARROZZA, and that CARROZZA baptized his son, JOHN.


Jerry Ade

Walters Sells Entertainment Agency

Norby Walters sold his once-lucrative entertainment agent business to his former partner Jerry Ade. 120


Jury Selection Begins in Walters and Bloom Trial

Jury selection got underway in a U.S. District Court in Chicago. Presiding federal judge George Marovich warned defense attorneys, “This is a criminal trial. We’re not going to have a morality play (about college athletics).” 121


Franzese to Testify Against Walters

The U.S. Government revealed that mafia crime boss Michael Franzese would testify that he was a silent partner with Walters in the sports agency business.

Franzese will testify that his role was to help Walters “obtain and retain” clients by “exploiting (his) considerable reputation as a member of organized crime.” 122


Harmon Says He Never Fit In at Iowa

Speaking with assistant U.S. attorney Howard Pearl and FBI special agent George Randolph, Ronnie Harmon stated that as a black kid from the streets of New York, he never believed that he fit in at Iowa.

He also related that his Iowa career had ended bitterly when his teammates, led by quarterback Chuck Long, pointed fingers at his indifferent attitude after losing four fumbles and dropping a touchdown pass in the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®. 123


Walters and Bloom Trial Opens

Though Walters and Bloom dealt with 57 athletes from 32 universities, just seven schools involving 10 athletes are named in the indictment as victims of the mail and wire fraud.

In addition, the government will try and prove Walters and Bloom used Franzese’s reputation as a mob boss to threaten at least four players who reneged on contractual agreements. 124


Harmon Received Over $54,000 From Walters

In opening testimony, Ronnie Harmon testified that he received over $54,000 (worth $152,000 today) from Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom.


Harmon Testifies He Lied to NCAA, Big Ten, and Iowa

Q. Let me ask you again to focus your attention on Rule 1, and read it if you would.

A. “NCAA rules forbid an athlete to agree, either orally or in writing, to be represented by an agent or organization in marketing his or her athletic ability or reputation until after completion of the last intercollegiate contest, including post-season games. This includes entering an agreement that is not effective until after the last game.”


George Marovich

Judge’s Comment on Ronnie Harmon: Not a Victim

Session in Judge’s chambers, no jury present.

Presiding Federal Judge George Marovich:

“[Ronnie] Harmon, nobody is putting up as the victim.

They are unindicted or deferred, or whatever, co-conspirators.

l don’t suppose anybody has lost sight of that…” 128


Devon Mitchell Took $2,000 Cash From Walters

Former Iowa defensive back Devon Mitchell testified that he took $2,000 (worth $5,600 today) in cash from Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom in 1985 several months before his final college season.


Perryman Testifies of Bloom Threat

Former Michigan running back Robert Perryman testified sports agent Lloyd Bloom threatened that unless Perryman dropped contract demands, Bloom would cause the Big Ten to invalidate Michigan’s prior year conference championship. 130


Notre Dame’s Banks and Miller Took Walters Cash

Former Notre Dame football players Alvin Miller and Robert Banks testified that they took $2,500 and $5,000 (worth $7,000 today) and $5,000 (worth $14,000 today) respectively from Norby Walters.


Michael Franzese

Michael Franzese Testifies Against Walters

Michael Franzese, a caporegime (captain) in the New York Colombo mafia crime family, testified that he had known Walters for over 30 years and had been a partner in Walters’s entertainment agent business for over 14 years.


Maurice Douglass Testifies Bloom Threatened to Break His Legs

Former Kentucky football player Maurice Douglass testified that sports agent Lloyd Bloom told him that if didn’t meet Bloom’s demands, “he’d have somebody break my legs.” 133


Rivers Took $2,500 Cash From Walters

Former Michigan defensive back Garland Rivers testified that he took $2,500 (worth $7,050 today) in cash from Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom when he signed a contract with them prior to his senior year.


Ingram Took $7,500 Cash From Walters to Sign Contract

Former Michigan State wide receiver Mark Ingram testified that he took $7,500 (worth $21,140 today) in cash from Norby Walters to sign a contract before his senior year.


Woods Testifies Walters and Bloom Threatened His Younger Brother

Former University of Pittsburgh linebacker Tony Woods testified that Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom threatened to end the career of Wood’s younger brother.


Simmons Took $4,000 From Walters; Bloom Threatened Gay

Former Texas running back Edwin Simmons testified that he took $4,000 (worth $11,275 today) in cash to sign a contract with the sports agents prior to his senior year.


Palmer Took $4,000 From Walters; Bloom Stole $125,000 From Palmer

Former Temple running back Paul Palmer testified that he took $4,000 (worth $11,275 today) in cash from Norby Walters to sign a contract with the sports agent.


Iowa’s Becker: Walters’ “Loans” are Compensation

Iowa’s Samuel Becker testified that the cash “loans” received by Ronnie Harmon and other athletes are compensation under NCAA and Big Ten rules, thus making the athletes ineligible.


“New Edition” Manager Testifies of Walters Extortion Via Franzese Threats

William Dern, manager of the New Edition music group, testified that when the group considered changing from Walters to different booking agents, they were threatened.


Walters and Bloom Guilty

Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom were convicted of extortion, racketeering, mail fraud, and racketeering conspiracy.


Howard Pearl

Pearl Resigns, Joins Webb

Assistant U.S. Attorney Howard Pearl, a key member of the team that prosecuted Walters and Bloom, resigns to join Dan Webb, Bloom’s defense attorney, in private practice.


Michael Franzese

Michael Franzese Agrees to Testify Against the Mob, Released From Prison

Michael Franzese signs a one-year cooperation agreement with the government. It compels him to cooperate on any case filed through April 30, 1990.


Ronnie Harmon

Harmon Stops Talking to the Press

Ronnie Harmon stops talking to the press and does no interviews for the next eight years. 145


Anton “Tony” Valukas

Valukas Announces Resignation

U.S. Attorney Anton “Tony” Valukas, who led the prosecution of Walters and Bloom, announced he was resigning and returning to private practice. 146


Ronnie Harmon

Bill’s Harmon Drops Last-Second, Game-Winning Touchdown Pass in Playoffs

“Most of all. though. the Browns won because the Bill’s passing attack faltered at the end of the game.

On second down from the Cleveland 11 with 14 seconds left, Buffalo running back Ronnie Harmon dropped a pass from his quarterback, Jim Kelly, in the end zone.”


Harmon Dropped by Bills

Less than a month after dropping a game-winning touchdown pass in the final seconds of the AFC Divisional Playoff game against the Browns, 1996 first-round (2nd running back, 16th overall) pick Ronnie Harmon was left unprotected by the Buffalo Bills and released.


Walters and Bloom Verdict Reversed

The 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the convictions of Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom on a legal technicality and did not address the mail fraud, racketeering, or conspiracy counts.


Stephanie Powers, Norby Walters, Bo Derek

Walters Moves to Los Angeles

Norby Walters moves to Los Angeles for “early retirement.”

He lives in a large Westwood high-rise apartment overlooking Wilshire Boulevard.

He hosts a weekly low-stakes poker game for Hollywood actors and celebrities.


Athletes Don’t Repay Scholarships

“More than half of the 42 former college athletes who agreed to repay scholarship money of which they defrauded their schools by signing contracts with agents Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom have reneged on their pledges, a survey of the schools shows.


“Playing for Keeps” Book Released

Written by Chris Mortensen, it becomes the definitive work on the investigation, trial, and conviction of Norby Walters and Lloyd Bloom. 158


Bloom Pleads Guilty, Gets Probation in Plea Deal

Bloom pleaded guilty to a charge of mail fraud and received five years probation and 500 hours of community service. 159


Walters Pleads Guilty, Gets 1 1/2 Years in Plea Deal

Walters pleaded guilty to two counts of mail fraud and received 1 1/2 years in prison, a $25,000 fine, and 250 hours of community service. 160


Appeals Court Tosses Walters Guilty Plea

A federal appeals panel tossed out the mail fraud conviction of former sports agent Norby Walters.


Bloom Murdered in Mob Execution Style Shooting

Less than two months after the final court action related to his conviction with Norby Walters of extortion, racketeering, conspiracy and mail fraud, Lloyd Bloom was found murdered.


FBI Interviews Salvatore Miciotta About Franzese Involvement in Murders

FBI Interview Report:

“COLOMBO La Cosa Nostra (LCN) associate LARRY CARROZZA was murdered in Brooklyn, New York in 1983.


Walters On Need for Fundraising License: Fuhgeddaboudit

Regarding the need for a commercial fundraising license, Walters exclaimed, “Fuhgeddaboudit. They’ll never know. Just make sure you cover you’re ass. As long as the charities are happy, you’ll be fine.” 164


Walters Involved With LA Fundraising Events

“I invited and paid for a few others I was hoping to impress and get in my corner for other events—including Norby Walters and his wife Irene (whom he called ‘Tootsie’).”


Chargers Release Harmon

The San Diego Chargers released Ronnie Harmon and he became an unrestricted free agent who could sign with any team by July 15, 1996. 166

Chargers quarterback Stan Humphries stated, “We’ve got to have players who want to be here, not just guys who are coming in and picking up a paycheck.” 167


Harmon Finishes Career with the Chicago Bears

In poetic irony, Ronnie Harmon landed with his last NFL team, the Chicago Bears, after bouncing around the league since being released by San Diego.


Harmon on the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®: “I didn’t think it was that big of a deal.”

Ronnie Harmon was interviewed by the Chicago Tribune’s Melissa Isaacson, a 1983 Iowa graduate.

“And everywhere Harmon goes, there always seems to be the long shadow of the 1986 Rose Bowl®.


George Marovich

Marovich Assumes Senior Status

U.S. Federal Judge George Marovich, who presided over the Walters and Bloom trial, assumed Senior Status (semi-retirement) with a 25% case load. 171


Hayden Fry, Dan McCarney

Ex-Iowa Coach McCarney on Harmon: “It was so uncharacteristic of him”

Dan McCarney, Iowa defensive line coach in the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®, appeared on the July 23, 2002 episode of “HBO Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel.”


MIchael Franzese

Franzese: Harmon Threw the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®

Franzese appeared on the July 23, 2002 episode of “HBO Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel.”


U.S. House Holds Hearings on the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act

“The multi‐million dollar value of professional athletes’ salaries, signing bonuses, and endorsement contracts has resulted in a proliferation of questionable ethical practices by some sports agents more concerned with lining their pockets than the welfare of those they are supposed to represent.


Norby Walters

Walters Lacks Permit For Fundraising

Norby Walters lost his long-running affiliation with Martin Scorsese’s Film Foundation after they pulled out as beneficiary of Walters’s annual event after being questioned by California law enforcement officials.


Michael Franzese

Franzese Admits Fixing Games

Q: Jim Rome: Did you ever fix a game?

A: Franzese: Yes. Absolutely.

Q: Jim Rome: Professional?

A: Franzese: Professional and college.


Hayden Fry, Chuck Long

Chuck Long on the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®: “That was [Hayden Fry’s] best chance to win it.”

In an interview with the Cedar Rapids Gazette, “[Long] chose to decline comment on Harmon’s four first-half fumbles and later a dropped pass, calling the loss a bitter team defeat.”


Norby Walters, attendees, Roger Neal

Walters Cancels Long-Running B- and C-List Oscar Party

“In December, however, Walters shocked the stars, his pals, and even his longtime publicist Ed Lozzi, when he announced an abrupt end to his annual event.


Tommy and Kathleen Clements

Kathy Clements Named to the AD100 2023

In an ultimate irony, Kathy Clements ended up in Los Angeles running an award-winning interior design firm with one of her two sons.

They specialize in a clientele of entertainers and celebrities. As such, it’s highly likely that they have an overlapping network of contacts and customers with Norby Walters, who surrounds himself with those people professionally and socially.


Dates are specific where possible and provided by source material.

Some dates are estimated based on ambiguous reports or references. If estimated, the date is typically the 15th of the month, e.g. 6/15/1952.


  1. Sports Illustrated 8/3/1987 ↩︎
  2. Variety 2/19/2009 ↩︎
  3. “Playing For Keeps” p163 ↩︎
  4. Sports Illustrated 8/3/1987 ↩︎
  5. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1128 ↩︎
  6. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1146 ↩︎
  7. “I’ll Make You An Offer That You Can’t Refuse” p67 ↩︎
  8. New York State Liquor Authority Hearing p31 ↩︎
  9. Sports Illustrated 8/3/1987 ↩︎
  10. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1126 ↩︎
  11. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1151 ↩︎
  12. “Blood Covenant” p124 ↩︎
  13. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1148 ↩︎
  14. “Blood Covenant” p162 ↩︎
  15. New York Times 11/22/1981 ↩︎
  16. Newsday 12/6/1981 ↩︎
  17. Newsday 12/6/1981 ↩︎
  18. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon cross, p210 ↩︎
  19. “Blood Covenant” p178 ↩︎
  20. Los Angeles Times 7/19/1987 ↩︎
  21. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese redirect, p1277 ↩︎
  22. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1169 ↩︎
  23. “Playing For Keeps” p148 ↩︎
  24. The Kingston Whig Standard 11/16/2009 ↩︎
  25. “Playing For Keeps” p149 ↩︎
  26. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1169 ↩︎
  27. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1170 ↩︎
  28. Chicago Tribune 3/8/1989 ↩︎
  29. Chicago Tribune 3/8/1989 ↩︎
  30. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  31. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  32. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  33. Los Angeles Times 7/19/1987 ↩︎
  34. Wikipedia ↩︎
  35. “Playing for Keeps” p30 ↩︎
  36. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  37. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  38. “Blood Covenant” p255 ↩︎
  39. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  40. “Playing for Keeps” p149 ↩︎
  41. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1173 ↩︎
  42. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon direct, p168 ↩︎
  43. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon direct, p173 ↩︎
  44. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  45. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  46. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  47. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1184 ↩︎
  48. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  49. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  50. “Playing for Keeps” p68 ↩︎
  51. Newsday 12/19/1985 ↩︎
  52. Newsday 12/21/1985 ↩︎
  53. Los Angeles Times 12/30/1985 ↩︎
  54. “Playing for Keeps p69 ↩︎
  55. Des Moines Register 1/2/1986 ↩︎
  56. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  57. Atlanta Constitution 2/1/1998 ↩︎
  58. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon cross, p237 ↩︎
  59. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Mims direct, p351 ↩︎
  60. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Mims cross, p395 ↩︎
  61. Newsday 3/22/1986 ↩︎
  62. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon cross, p295 ↩︎
  63. “Playing For Keeps” p134 ↩︎
  64. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon cross, p203 ↩︎
  65. “Playing For Keeps” p136 ↩︎
  66. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese cross, p1225 ↩︎
  67. Sports Illustrated 8/3/1987 ↩︎
  68. “Playing for Keeps” p228 ↩︎
  69. “Playing For Keeps” p163 ↩︎
  70. Atlanta Constitution 3/12/1987 ↩︎
  71. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  72. “Playing For Keeps” p10 ↩︎
  73. “Playing For Keeps” p69 ↩︎
  74. Chicago Tribune 3/27/1987 ↩︎
  75. Atlanta Constitution 3/27/1987 ↩︎
  76. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  77. Atlanta Constitution 5/19/1987 ↩︎
  78. Atlanta Constitution 5/20/1987 ↩︎
  79. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  80. Chicago Tribune 6/10/1987 ↩︎
  81. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  82. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  83. Des Moines Register 6/28/1987 ↩︎
  84. 1972 Brown University Football Media Guide ↩︎
  85. 1973 Brown University Football Media Guide ↩︎
  86. 1974 Brown University Football Media Guide ↩︎
  87. 1975 Brown University Football Media Guide ↩︎
  88. Atlanta Constitution 7/15/1987 ↩︎
  89. Atlanta Constitution 7/16/1987 ↩︎
  90. Los Angeles Times 7/19/1987 ↩︎
  91. Atlanta Constitution 7/28/1987 ↩︎
  92. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  93. Atlanta Constitution 8/16/1987 ↩︎
  94. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  95. Atlanta Constitution 9/11/1987 ↩︎
  96. “Playing For Keeps” p135 ↩︎
  97. Case 11059-014 Walters v Harmon ↩︎
  98. Atlanta Constitution 11/4/1987 ↩︎
  99. “Playing for Keeps” p152 ↩︎
  100. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  101. “Playing For Keeps” p149 ↩︎
  102. LIFE magazine 12/01/1997 ↩︎
  103. Atlanta Constitution 12/19/1987 ↩︎
  104. Atlanta Constitution 12/23/1987 ↩︎
  105. Atlanta Constitution 3/3/1988 ↩︎
  106. “Playing for Keeps” p240 ↩︎
  107. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  108. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Franzese direct, p1141 ↩︎
  109. Atlanta Constitution 5/3/1988 ↩︎
  110. “Playing For Keeps” p90 ↩︎
  111. Atlanta Constitution 6/1/1988 ↩︎
  112. Atlanta Constitution 6/21/1988 ↩︎
  113. Atlanta Constitution 8/25/1988 ↩︎
  114. Chicago Tribune 8/28/1988 ↩︎
  115. Atlanta Constitution 8/31/1988 ↩︎
  116. Atlanta Constitution 3/5/1989 ↩︎
  117. The Buffalo News 1/9/1989 ↩︎
  118. Ronnie Harmon Fumble Rate ↩︎
  119. FBI Interview Report 2/22/1989 ↩︎
  120. Atlanta Constitution 2/24/1989 ↩︎
  121. Atlanta Constitution 3/1/1989 ↩︎
  122. Atlanta Constitution 3/4/1989 ↩︎
  123. “Playing for Keeps” p240 ↩︎
  124. Atlanta Constitution 3/7/1989 ↩︎
  125. Chicago Sun Times 3/8/1989 ↩︎
  126. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon direct, p156 ↩︎
  127. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Harmon direct, p304 ↩︎
  128. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; p410 ↩︎
  129. Chicago Tribune 3/9/1989 ↩︎
  130. Chicago Tribune 3/10/1989 ↩︎
  131. Chicago Tribune 3/14/1989 ↩︎
  132. Chicago Tribune 3/15/1989 ↩︎
  133. Chicago Tribune 3/16/1989 ↩︎
  134. Chicago Tribune 3/16/1989 ↩︎
  135. Chicago Tribune 3/17/1989 ↩︎
  136. Chicago Tribune 3/22/1989 ↩︎
  137. Chicago Tribune 3/22/1989 ↩︎
  138. Atlanta Constitution 3/23/1989 ↩︎
  139. Case 88-CR-00709 transcript; Becker redirect, p2284 ↩︎
  140. Chicago Tribune 4/4/1989 ↩︎
  141. Atlanta Constitution 4/14/1989 ↩︎
  142. “Playing for Keeps” p332 ↩︎
  143. Vanity Fair 4/5/2012 ↩︎
  144. Chicago Tribune 9/8/1989 ↩︎
  145. Chicago Tribune 12/12/1987 ↩︎
  146. Chicago Tribune 11/14/1989 ↩︎
  147. Sports Illustrated 1/15/1990 ↩︎
  148. Atlanta Constitution 2/1/1998 ↩︎
  149. Ronnie Harmon Fumble Rate ↩︎
  150. UPI 2/2/1990 ↩︎
  151. Atlanta Constitution 9/18/1990 ↩︎
  152. Block and Tackle 2018-02-08 ↩︎
  153. New York Times 2/24/2016 ↩︎
  154. Jewish Journal 2/24/2017 ↩︎
  155. New York Times 2/24/2016 ↩︎
  156. Pro Sports Group 2011 ↩︎
  157. Chicago Tribune 11/10/1990 ↩︎
  158. “Playing for Keeps” p4 ↩︎
  159. Chicago Tribune 8/28/1992 ↩︎
  160. Chicago Tribune 9/18/1992 ↩︎
  161. Chicago Sun Times 7/1/1993 ↩︎
  162. Los Angeles Times 8/28/1993 ↩︎
  163. FBI Interview Report 9/30/1993 ↩︎
  164. “King of Cons” p117 ↩︎
  165. “King of Cons” p97 ↩︎
  166. Newsday 2/18/1996 ↩︎
  167. Newsday 9/1/1996 ↩︎
  168. hawkfanatic 4/21/2020 ↩︎
  169. About Melissa Isaacson ↩︎
  170. Chicago Tribune 12/12/1997 ↩︎
  171. Wikipedia ↩︎
  172. CBS Sports 247Sports 7/24/2002 ↩︎
  173. CBS Sports 247Sports 7/24/2002 ↩︎
  174. U.S. House Hearing, 108 Congress H.R. 361 ↩︎
  175. Los Angeles Times 1/26/2004 ↩︎
  176. “The Fix Is In” p77 ↩︎
  177. The Cedar Rapids Gazette 10/25/2015 ↩︎
  178. Block and Tackle 2018-02-08 ↩︎
  179. Architectural Digest 11/29/2022 ↩︎


Reference material related to the 1986 Rose Bowl Game®, Norby Walters, Lloyd Bloom, Michael Franzese, and Ronnie Harmon



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